A mosque is a religious place of worship for Muslims where they offer prayers and go for to celebrate other religious events. It has a great importance in Islamic Sharia Law. It is the place of worship, dispute settlement and education. Muslims have a very influential artistic culture and history that can be examined in the style of mosques. Persian style, Indonesian style, Turk style and Arabian style are the most popular existing design for mosques around the Muslim world. Below is the list of famous mosques of the world.
Abuja National Mosque is the National Mosque of Nigeria. It is among those mosques that always remain open for Muslims and non-Muslims. However, for non-Muslims, there is only one restriction and that is they can’t visit the Abuja National Mosque during congregational prayers. Abuja National Mosque is the masterpiece of art and both interior and exterior or crafted with the real work of Asian and Arabic art. Most of the people even compared the Abuja National Mosque with the mosques of Dubai, Saudi Arabia and Turkey.
Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque that is often called as The Blue Mosque is heavy influence from the Blue Mosque of Turkey. After the Istiqlal Mosque in Indonesia, Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque is the second largest mosque in Southeast Asia. A large blue and silver dome of the mosque is worth to view. Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Mosque is the masterpiece of Egyptian calligraphy and Arabic calligraphy. The interior dome of the mosque is beautifully crafted by the stained glass panels.
Federal Territory Mosque is the largest mosque of Malaysia located in Kuala Lumpur. Federal Territory Mosque is the mix architecture of Ottoman art and Malay art. The best about Federal Territory Mosque is that it contains almost 22 domes that are well decorated with the masterpiece work of glass fiber. It is not only a mosque, it is in fact, a place for Islamic knowledge in the Malaysia. Federal Territory Mosque has a proper system of education from pre-school and has a proper system of the library, hostel and IT labs. Federal Territory Mosque contains only two minarets but the real beauty of the mosque are hidden in its domes. Most of the construction idea for Federal Territory Mosque had been taken from the Blue Mosque, Turkey.
Badshahi Mosque that is also called is Shahi Mosque is the real work of Mughal art. The mosque was constructed on the order of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir. Badshahi Mosque is situated in Lahore, Pakistan, and one of the largest mosque in the country. Badshahi Mosque is the masterpiece of Mughal artistic work and architecture that represent the grandeur of the Mughal period in Hindustan. At the time of construction during 1671 to 1673, it was the largest mosque of the world. However, after the construction of many mosques and the extension of old one, Badshahi Mosque is now the fifth largest mosque of the world and second largest of the Pakistan.
Sultan Mosque also called Masjid Sultan is a historical mosque in Singapore. Sultan Mosque is not purely based on Islamic art. It is the mixture of modern art, Saracenic style and some Arabian style. Because of its stylish golden domes and perfect style and beauty, this mosque is a must see mosque in Singapore. The real fact about Sultan Mosque is that it is one of the most beautiful mosques in the non-Islamic world. It is also the most popular source of worship in Singapore for Muslim communities. Each dome of the Sultan Mosque is decorated with the glass work. Sultan Mosque is also a national monument in Singapore and for that, it was declared in 1975.
Faisal Mosque is exceptionally the largest and most beautiful mosque in Pakistan. It was opened for public in 1986. Entirely based on the Turkish architecture, Faisal Mosque is the combine artistry and mastery work of Islamic tradition and modern style of construction. Faisal Mosque was named after the King of Saudi Arabia King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz. Most of the people are unaware about the fact that before the extension of Masjid Al Haram, Masjid Al Nabawi and Hassan II Mosque, Faisal Mosque was the largest mosque in the world. However, later on, it was first replaced by the Hassan II Mosque and then Masjid Al Haram and Masjid Al Nabawi. Faisal Mosque is currently the largest mosque in Pakistan.
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is named on the 28th Sultan of Brunei, Omar Ali Saifuddin II. There is no doubt that when it comes to architecture and construction then Muslims have a very golden history. It is not about the construction and art of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque only, in fact, its lavish location point is the main factor that makes the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque a real masterpiece of art. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is among those mosques that are based on the Arabic fusion and modern architecture. Most of the internal part of the Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque are based on the Italian style of work. Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque is located in the Brunei.
Shah Mosque or Masjid Shah is from the artistic world of Isfahan, Iran. Isfahan is among those Muslim cities that have very great importance in the Muslim world. The other name of Shah Mosque is Imam Mosque and is located in Isfahan, Iran. Shah Mosque is the really the masterpiece of pure Persian art and architecture. It best represents the architecture era of Iran, Shah Mosque is registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The beauty of Shah Mosque is because of the great work in seven color that gives a new style of calligraphic inscriptions. It is not only a mosque, in fact, it is a treasure that is the part of Around the World in 80 Treasures.
Hassan II Mosque is widely known as one of the most beautiful and largest mosques in the Islamic world that took a heavy amount of budget and artistic labor to complete. It is among those mosques that utilised the professional artists. Almost 6,000 professional artist and master craftsmen were deployed to decorate the entire structure of the Hassan II Mosque. Hassan II Mosque remains open for all Muslims and non-Muslims all the time. However, non-Muslims are first required to get permission from the authorities. After that, they can visit the mosque on guide tours. Hassan II Mosque is the seventh largest mosque in the world and first largest one in Morocco.
Sheikh Zayed Mosque or Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Center is located in the capital of UAE, Abu Dhabi. Sheikh Zayed Mosque is the largest place of worship in the United Arab Emirates. Sheikh Zayed Mosque is the collective mixture of Mughal, Moorish and Persian art and most of the designs and artistic work here are inspired by the Hassan II Mosque and Badshahi Mosque, Pakistan. The Sheikh Zayed Mosque can be best described as the mosque that is integrated with the fusion of Arab and Muslim architecture. Sheikh Zayed Mosque is the largest mosque of the UAE that took nine years to complete.
Al Aqsa Mosque has a great importance in all revealed religion of the world. It was the first play of worship for the Muslims that was then replaced by the Masjid Al Haram (Kaaba) in the era of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Al-Aqsa Mosque is the third holiest and sacred place in Muslims history after the Masjid Al Haram and Masjid Al Nabawi. Al-Aqsa Mosque is situated in Old City of Jerusalem, Palestine. Al Aqsa Mosque has the sacred value in both Judaism and Islam. It was the first time properly extended in the era of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik and before that it was a small prayer house only.
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is another mosque that is the most famous mosque of the Islamic world after the Masjid Al Haram. It is named on the name of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is the second largest mosque in the Islamic world. After the Masjid Al Haram, it is the second holiest place in Islam. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is the artistry and mastery work of the Muslim heritage and culture. The total praying capacity of the Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is 600,000 that can be extended up to one million during the Hajj days.
Masjid Al Haram is the most sacred mosque of Islam that is often called as the Grand Mosque. Masjid Al Haram is located in the Mecca, Saudi Arabia and is the largest mosque of the world. The holiest place of Islam, Holy Kaaba is also situated inside the Masjid Al Haram. Its importance was even before the revelation of Islam. The current area covered by the Masjid Al Haram is 356,800 square meters. Worshippers’ capacity in the Masjid Al Haram is 900,000 in normal days and during Hajj capacity, it can be extended to the 4,000,000.